GEO is working to enhance global observation systems to strengthen national climate action and support the implementation of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement. Earth observations will be crucial to assess collective progress towards the objectives of the Paris Agreement through the global stocktake process.
Earth observations, geospatial data and derived information provide decision-makers with timely and accurate instruments to understand and respond to changes in climate, environment, and society. In situ and space-based observations contribute near real-time data on greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations and emissions for carbon accounting required to measure mitigation responses. Earth observations also provide data on land-use change, information for impact, vulnerability and risk assessments, and monitoring of adaptation responses.
The newly established GEO Climate Change Working Group has a key role to play in developing a comprehensive strategy to enhance the use of Earth observations in support of climate action, by gathering expertise, improving coordination and capitalizing on existing GEO Work Programme activities.